Cartometric Blog

A scrapbook of GIS tricks, with emphasis on FOSS4G.

OGR VRT: Connect to PostGIS DataSource

without comments

I needed an OGR VRT for something and didn’t find a clear example on the web all in one place, so here goes.

Somewhere on your system, create a new file with a .ovf extension. Inside that file, add some XML like the following to define your PostgreSQL connection:

That name=”WKTGrid” is semantically unrelated here. I have been experimenting with including WKT geometry data in UtfGrid tiles, and that name is relative to my experiments. You can provide most any value for name. However, do note that the layer name is referenced in the ogrinfo command.

<OGRVRTDataSource>
  <OGRVRTLayer name="WKTGrid">
    <SrcDataSource>PG:host=127.0.0.1 user=postgres dbname=gis password=l00per</SrcDataSource>
    <SrcLayer>parcels_cama_20140829_pmerc</SrcLayer>
    <SrcSQL>SELECT tms, owner_name, the_wkt FROM parcels_cama_20140829_pmerc</SrcSQL>
  </OGRVRTLayer>
</OGRVRTDataSource>

  • OGRVRTLayer The layer name attribute you assign can be anything you want.
  • SrcDataSource The data source value defines your PostgreSQL connection parameters.
  • SrcLayer The source layer identifies the target table in your PostgreSQL instance.
  • SrcSQL [Optional] OGR SQL can be used to target specific fields, define field aliases, and even refine the data set using WHERE clauses, etc.

After you make a VRT, it’s smart to test it in ogrinfo before you use it for anything serious. It’s easy to test a VRT in ogrinfo, and if ogrinfo makes sense of it, then you know you’ve got a good VRT.

A command like this uses ogrinfo and OGR_SQL to open the VRT and isolate one feature, showing you its attributes.

ogrinfo C:\xGIS\Vector\parcels\parcels_cama_20140829_pmerc.ovf -sql " SELECT tms, owner_name, the_wkt FROM WKTGrid WHERE tms = 'R39200-02-31' "

In some cases, OGR may have trouble identifying your geometry field, or you may have multiple geometry fields and want to specify one field in particular. If so, note the following changes, specifically the modification to the SrcSQL node and the added GeometryField node.

<OGRVRTDataSource>
  <OGRVRTLayer name="WKTGrid">
    <SrcDataSource>PG:host=127.0.0.1 user=postgres dbname=gis password=l00per</SrcDataSource>
    <SrcLayer>parcels_cama_20140829_pmerc</SrcLayer>
    <SrcSQL>SELECT ST_AsBinary(wkb_geometry) as geomm, tms, owner_name FROM parcels_cama_20140829_pmerc</SrcSQL>
    <GeometryField encoding="WKB" field="geomm"></GeometryField>
  </OGRVRTLayer>
</OGRVRTDataSource>

And this is just scratching the surface. Make sure to check out the OGR VRT driver page for a complete list of options available to you.

Written by elrobis

September 24th, 2014 at 4:45 pm

Leave a Reply